This guide is about the technique of painting with chalk pastels soft, its main characteristics, their constituent materials, the best props, its durability as a work of art, its value, his painting technique, its historical origins, its manufacturing process and its major artists.
Technique: The pastel is an elegant way to "paint dry", as he called Leonardo da Vinci. It is a technique that uses small sticks of dry pigment mixed with a binder, usually "tragacanth". Pastel is pure pigment, the same pigment used to make all other artistic painting techniques, such as oil, watercolor and acrylic.
Composition: In single composition, the pastel offers the artist the total purity of the colors, since the pigment is applied in its natural state, the pastel paints are much more intense, stable and durable compared to all other existing techniques. By not having any liquid agent as present in all other (oils, resins and varnishes), do not suffer from all his problems, such as changing and darkening of color after drying, yellowing of resins and varnishes, cracks or blisters with time .
Luminosity: Paintings in pastel, are made with a vehicle-binder so minimal, subtle and inert which makes this technique has the highest concentration of pigment, saturation, tone and color stability over time of all others.The pastel paintings reflect light like a prism, without darkening refraction of light, allowing highly saturated and bright colors. No other painting technique has the same power of color.
Support: The paper is the most appropriate, which should provide conditions? handle? adhesion to pigments or powder, and it must have a velvety or finely roughened so that a proper fixation. The roles of the type of great weight Arches are more appropriate. Can also be used in the mass colored paper of type Ingres Miteintes, Tizziano, Carmen or the like.
Durability: There are works in pastel 16th century until today that exhibit the same freshness as the day they were painted for over 500 years! One brand of high quality chalk pastel work generates a permanent and indefinite longevity when combined with a durable paper and properly mounted and framed. Due to the quality of materials and pigments used, the colors are highly resistant to fading, being classified according to their degree of fugitividade (ligthtfastness) according to ASTM (American Society of Testing and Materials) as a category "1" - Excellent - for pigments without no tendency fugitive, ie, its color does not change when exposed to light.
The Technique of Painting: The inks are applied directly to the rods and the mixture of tones is naturally obtained by rubbing his fingers or a stump on the paint. The characteristic of the cylindrical rod favors use with free spins, drawing fine lines with the edges of the borders, and filling large areas with the bat lying sideways. Bats can be broken to produce sharp edges for sharp detail and accurate. Errors can be fixed with application of a rubber and vinyl can be almost completely removed. Glare and whitening can be obtained with a soft touch rubber.
Painting & Drawing: If the support is completely covered with pastel, the work is considered a pastel painting; a job where much of the support is left exposed is called a pastel sketch or drawing.
Mixed: They work well as a single technique or complement other. Pastel can be combined with the watercolor ink, gouache, acrylic, carbon or lead pencil on a painting techniques multiple combined to obtain different effects.
Name: The term? Pastel? in this case does not refer to? pale colors? as commonly used means of fashion and decoration, but the consistency of its raw materials during manufacturing. The name? Pastel? comes from the Italian? Pasta?, do you mean? Mass'.
Fabrication: The pure pigment powder is mixed, and are held together with a small amount of starch diluted in water to form a mass (pulp) of plastic consistency which is then rolled or estrudada in the form of rods. After evaporation of the water, they remain dry and rigid, while retaining fit, maintaining the pigments together with a consistency similar to chalk, except that more soft and pleasant in the application, by having a much lower amount of talc.
Strengths: The pastel is a wonderful technique of painting, very direct and intimate, because it eliminates the need for any other intermediary (such as brushes or spatulas), and used only their hands and fingers directly on the painting, which gives a character interaction between the artist and his painting unique. He has a wonderful texture to the touch and smell very aromatic.
Styles: Crayons are ideal for creating paintings intuitive movements with broad, bold and firm. This technique is much appreciated for painting landscapes and portraits of people by their melting characteristics of the colors in an extremely subtle and smooth gradients and diluted, very suitable in the representation of skin, sky, clouds, terrain, vegetation, and tissues similar, making it a very interesting option for expressive compositions. It is also very attractive for painting large panels, because by observing them from a distance the painting and the colors blend in so naturally that the effect is extraordinary.
Properties: The pastel type of paint produces a fine, smooth, typical of pigments of engagement with each other, producing a pleasant smoky, velvety, delicate optical qualities, with an intensity unusual not unrivaled by any other technique, color vibrant and bright. It creates a rich opaque color that can easily be mixed (fused) and applied in layers. It is very smooth and easy to apply.
Colors: The infinite variety of colors in pastel, goes from soft and subtle to strong and bright. The pastel has so many shades that are known today more than 1,600 hues.
Background: The technique of pastel was first mentioned by Leonardo da Vinci in 1495. Its invention is attributed to the German painter Johann Thiele, but Rosalba Carriera (1675-1750), a Venetian artist, was the first to actually make use of pastels as a painting material and not just to draw sketches.
Artists: It is the technique used by great masters of painting such as Degas, Renoir, Manet, Delacroix and Toulouse-Lautrec, to mention only the more familiar names, and also by a multitude of other renowned artists throughout the world, past to this.
Impressionism: Edgar Degas (1834-1917) was the most widely recognized artist to transform and elevate the reputation and the limits of painting pastel sketch on a technique of artistic techniques most respected and admired in the world.
Status: Currently, the technique of painting in pastel, enjoy the same stature of oil painting, watercolor and acrylic, recognized as a major artistic painting techniques available.